It is known as the Building Application Detail in the 1/20 Scale Architectural Project Drawing and as you know, the details shown in the Project Drawing increase as the section scale gets smaller. In Normal Standards, the scale of Architectural Project Drawing is 1/50 and besides, 1/5 scale is used as point detail and Architects and Engineers do not draw these point details directly.
Although the professors of the Department of Architecture want 1/5 scale point details from the students of the Department of Architecture, these drawings are; The details of the objects to be drawn should be provided by the manufacturer. For example, if a 1/5 scale point detail is requested from you for a Space Frame System roof covering, you must obtain this drawing ready from the manufacturer. (see Space Truss)
If we need to return to the 1/20 Scale Detail Drawing, I will first try to explain the 20 Scale Plan drawing step by step. For this, starting from the wall drawing of these units, which are the most desired wet area areas such as Bathroom and Kitchen, respectively; Door, Window, Furnishing, Plaster, Floor Scans, Area Calculation, Site Names and Floor Detail Drawings; I will draw the 1/0 Scale Application Project step by step according to the Architectural Project drawing standards and finally I will finish the article by making the Autocad Dimensioning process.
First of all, if you need to draw 20 scale Detail drawings, I recommend making one from scratch. It will be more difficult to revise your project drawn according to 1/50 scale standards. I first take the outer dimensions of the area where the System Detail should be drawn and start with the wall drawing.
The first point you should pay attention to in the wall drawing is that the outer walls should be drawn as 20 cm and the inner walls as 10 cm. Wall scanning differs according to the Construction Materials you use. Ytong BIMS – Briquette – Brick scans are different from each other. Since I will use BIMS material for the wall in this drawing, you will also learn how to scan Bims. Scanning is required according to the scanning shapes standards in the Technical Drawing.
For Ytong, that is pumice material, you can make a Wall Scan at certain straight line intervals according to the size of the material you intend to use with straight lines. In addition, since the BIMS material is porous, that is, hollow material, you can show the inside with point-by-point scanning.
You know that there is a sound in every head 😂 In order to guarantee our drawing, we indicate the names of the materials we use in the plans and sections after the detail drawing by drawing an arrow/line and we will ensure our work.
Do not forget The main purpose of detail drawing; For the Project Implementation, when the Master at the construction site and the Architects or Engineers who follow the Project look at the drawing, they see how it should be manufactured, the materials used, and the dimensions. This is the main purpose, and if you understand that you are drawing in this direction, you will have an idea about what you should draw and how you should draw in that direction. Your hand does not necessarily have to be an example! Drawing is enough for self-expression. 👍
Door and Window Drawing
If you want to make a correct and clean drawing, I recommend that you first open the door openings. First, we open a 90 cm wide gap for the Kitchen entrance door, a 150 cm gap for the window and a 200 cm Sliding door gap for the Balcony door.
We make 1/20 Door drawing, 1/20 Sliding Door Drawing and 1/20 Scale Window plan drawings on the parts where we create the window spaces. You should create your own furnishing library for these drawings. For example, while I was preparing this article, I did not have a drawing of a 200 cm Sliding Door, but I used the drawing of a 150 cm sliding door by 25 cm for this project.
Let’s look at how the Sliding Door, Door and Window drawings should be drawn in 1/20 scale system detail in the Architectural Plan;
System detail drawing is actually very easy, those who want to draw in order and regularly can follow the steps I have explained and create a clean and trouble-free project. After drawing the sliding door, door and window, we move on to the plaster drawing.
Regardless of your detail drawing, if you are using Exterior Cladding, a plaster drawing should be made around all of the Reinforced Concrete (Column, Curtain Wall) systems. Interior Architecture projects make a minimum of 2 cm interior plaster thickness, but in Architectural Projects, we generally draw a standard 3 cm plaster thickness on the interior and exterior walls, and after the plaster drawing, we will move on to the Furnishing settlement.
Furnishing Drawing and Layout
For the Furnishing units we will use in the Kitchen Project, first of all, after drawing a 60 cm wide Kitchen Countertop, in the Kitchen Furnishings; We also need to draw furnishing units such as a sink, sink, stove and refrigerator.
Since the bench width standard is 60 cm, you can draw the width of almost all other furnishing drawings, leaving 5 cm from both parts of the bench size, 60 cm, with a net size of 50 cm. You can download ready-made dwg Kitchen Furnishings drawn via Autocad from 👉 Kitchen Cad Blocks page.
Site Details and m2 Account
After the Furnishing Settlement, we need to write the square meter calculation of the area that we will draw the details of, the flooring details and the names of the areas.
First of all, since it is an area with a wet volume, it is necessary to use ceramics in the floor covering. Ceramic flooring is used in areas that have a relationship with Water, such as Bathroom, Balcony, Kitchen.
You can calculate square meters by multiplying the vertical and horizontal length of the area. In architecture, there are 2 different square meter calculations, net and gross. The net area is an inset measure.
Vertical and horizontal gross length 4.50 m x 4.50 m = 20.25 m2
Net m2 is calculated as: 4.10 m x 4.1 m = 16.81 m2.